On Friday, December 20, 2019, President Donald J. Trump signed S. 256, the “Esther Martinez Native American Languages Programs Reauthorization Act,” which reauthorizes and modifies a grant program to preserve and maintain Native American languages.
According to the Congressional Research Service, in a post on govtrack.us, the “Esther Martinez Native American Languages Programs Reauthorization Act,” “revises a grant program administered by the Administration for Native Americans at the Department of Health and Human Services to preserve Native American languages. The minimum number of enrollees in educational programs funded by grants is reduced from 10 to 5 enrollees in Native American language nests, which provide instruction through the use of a Native American language for children under the age of 7 and their parents. For survival schools, which are programs striving for fluency in a Native American language and proficiency in other academic fields, the minimum number of enrollees is reduced from 15 to 10. The bill increases the maximum duration of grants.”